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SPICE: The Spanish Civil War - In the Chapel

Monday, November 8, 2021 4 Kislev 5782

10:30 AM - 12:00 PM

The Spanish Civil War ($48 temple members/$60 non-members)
Mondays, November 8, 15, 22, 29 (10:30 a.m.-noon)
Course Summary:
The Spanish Civil war is probably one of the most misunderstood wars of all times. It is often characterized as a fight between Democracy and Fascism. Ernest Hemingway notwithstanding, there was little, if any democracy on the one side and little fascism on the other. Nor, as often considered, was it the precursor and rehearsal for World War Two. The origins of the war started in 1812 with the promulgation of Spain’s first constitution, and its final chapter closed with Spain’s completion of its transition to Democracy in 1981. We’ll discuss the early attempts to create a republic, along with the first autocracy. Then we’ll look at the flip-flops between a Popular Front and an autocratic government until tired of ineffective government, the Generals took control, led by Francisco Franco, and in July 1936 launched a rebellion, which ended in April 1939 with Franco’s victory. Then we’ll discuss how Spain was transformed from an autocracy to a democracy.

Facilitator: Rex Rehfeld has a B.S. from the University of CA and a J.D. from the University of MD. He has lectured on a variety of historical topics in many Lifelong Learning programs throughout the Baltimore area. Rex served in the Navy in WW II and in the Army during the Korean War and beyond. After leaving the service, Rex served as an investment counselor until his retirement in 2014.

Registration: Reservations may be made via email to or by phone to Sherri Bell, SPICE Chair at 410-833-2409. If you are a temple member, payment may be made by requesting to have your account billed. Other accepted methods of payment include credit card, cash paid in person at class or a check made out to HSOSC, with SPICE and the course name in the check memo, mailed to 1 Clifton Court, Pikesville, MD 21208.

Registration Policies:
All SPICE courses must be registered for and paid for in their entirety by the first session. Due to a new MD sales tax regulation, we are now required to charge 6% sales tax on all courses delivered electronically.
All SPICE courses for January-June 2021 will be presented on Zoom.
SPICE fees are per head, not per household, with a 50% off fee for second registrants within the same household.
A minimum of 15 enrollees per class is required. 

Thank you in advance for your ongoing support of our SPICE courses and programs.

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Tue, June 22 2021 12 Tammuz 5781